Chapter I General Provisions
Article 1 The present Regulation is formulated in accordance with the “Water Law of the People’s Republic of China” for the purpose of strengthening the administration and protection of water resources, and promoting the conservation and reasonable exploitation and utilization of water resources.
Article 2 The term “water drawing” as mentioned in the present Regulation shall refer to the drawing of water resources directly from rivers, lakes or underground with the use of water drawing engineering structures or facilities.
Any entity or individual that draws water resources shall, except for the circumstances prescribed in Article 4 of the present Regulation, apply for a license certificate for water drawing, and pay water resource fees.
The term “water drawing engineering structures or facilities” as mentioned in the present Regulation shall refer to water gates, dams, channels, artificial watercourses, siphons, pumps, wells and hydropower stations, etc.
Article 3 The water administrative departments of the people’s governments at the county level or above shall, in light of the powers for graded administration, take charge of organizing, implementing, supervising and administering the institution of license for water drawing.
The drainage basin authorities established by the water administrative department of the State Council at the localities of important rivers and lakes determined by the state (hereinafter referred to as the drainage basin authorities) shall, in accordance with the present Regulation and upon authorization of the water administrative department of the State Council, take charge of organizing, implementing, supervising and administering the institutions in charge of the license for water drawing within their respective jurisdictional scopes.
The water administrative department, the administrative department of public finance and the price administrative department of a people’s government at the county level or above shall, according to the present Regulation and their scope of administrative powers, take charge of levying, administering and supervising water resource fees.
Article 4 Under any of the following circumstances, the party concerned does not have to apply for a license certificate for water drawing:
(1) A rural collective economic organization or any of its members uses the water in the pond or reservoir of the said organization;
(2) A small amount of water is drawn for domestic life, or as drinking water of livestock or poultry under sporadic or enclosed breeding, etc.;
(3) The water must be drawn (discharged) for responding to temporary emergencies in order to guarantee the engineering or work safety of underground structures such as mines, etc.;
(4) The water is drawn for responding to temporary emergencies in order to eliminate the harms endangering public safety or public interests; or
(5) The water must be drawn for to the use of temporary emergencies in order to fight an agricultural drought or maintain ecology or environment.
The limitation for drawing of a small amount of water as prescribed in Item (2) of the preceding paragraph shall be set forth by the people’s government of the competent province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under the Central Government; the water drawing as prescribed in Item (3) or (4) shall be timely reported to the water administrative department or the drainage basin authority of the local people’s government at the county level or above for archival filing; the water drawing prescribed in Item (5) shall be subject to the consent of the water administrative department or the drainage basin authority of the people’s government at the county level or above.
Article 5 A license for water drawing shall first satisfy the needs of the urban and rural inhabitants in their domestic use of water and give concurrent consideration to the agricultural, industrial, ecological and environmental need for water as well as to the needs of navigation.
The people’s government of a province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under the Central Government may, upon duties prescribed in the present Regulation, determine the specific sequence on the various items of water use as prescribed in the preceding paragraph within the same drainage basin or region when the actual situation so requires.
Article 6 A license for water drawing must conform to the water resource comprehensive planning, the drainage basin comprehensive planning, the medium and long-term planning for the supply and demand of water and the functional division of water, and be in compliance with the water allocation scheme approved in accordance with the “Water Law of the People’s Republic of China”. If no water allocation scheme is formulated, the license for water drawing shall be in compliance with the agreement concluded between the relevant local people’s governments.
Article 7 To grant a license for water drawing, the principle of giving overall consideration to surface water and ground water, and the principle of finding more water sources while saving water with priority given to water saving shall be adhered to, and the control of total amount combined with the quota-based management shall apply.
The total amount of water consumed upon approval for water drawing within a drainage basin shall not exceed the utilizable amount of water resources of the drainage basin concerned.
The total amount of water approved for drawing within a jurisdiction shall not exceed the water amount allocated by the drainage basin authority or the water administrative department at the next higher level for drawing within the jurisdiction concerned; among which, the total amount of ground water approved for drawing shall not exceed the exploitable amount of ground water within the jurisdiction concerned, and shall meet the requirements of the planning on the exploitation and utilization of ground water. For making the planning on exploitation and utilization of ground water, opinions shall be solicited from the administrative department of land and resources.
Article 8 The license for water drawing and the levy and management of water resource fees shall be in compliance with the principles of publicity, fairness, justice, high efficiency and facilitating people.
Article 9 Any entity or individual is obligated to conserve and protect water resources.
The people’s governments at the county level or above shall commend and award the entities and individuals who have made prominent contributions in conserving and protecting water resources.
Chapter II Applications for Water Drawing and Acceptance of the Applications
Article 10 An entity or individual that applies for water drawing (hereinafter referred to as the applicant) shall file an application to the approval organ having the approval power. While if it/he applies for utilizing more than one water source, and there are different approval organs regarding the licenses for drawing of water sources, it/he shall file an application to the approval organ at the top level.
Where the scope of power to grant the license for water drawing remains with the drainage basin authority, the application shall be filed to the water administrative department of the people’s government of the province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under the Central Government where the water intake is located. The water administrative department of the people’s government of the province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under the Central Government shall, within 20 working days as of receipt of the application, propose its opinions, and transmit the opinions along with all the application materials to the drainage basin authority. The drainage basin authorities shall, after receipt of the opinions and application materials, handle the matter in accordance