On August 3, the News Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) reported an occurrence of African swine fever (ASF) in Shenbei New District of Shenyang, Liaoning Province. This is the first ASF outbreak in China.
On August 1st, a pig farm in Shenbei New District of Shenyang, Liaoning Province, was suspected of having ASF. Among 383 pigs in the farm, 47 was affected and died. After receiving the report, MARA immediately urged the local authorities to take prevention measures and examine the samples. On August 3, it was confirmed by the China Animal Health and Epidemiology Center (National Diagnosis Centre of Exotic Animal Diseases) that the outbreaks were cases of African swine fever.
After the outbreaks, MARA launched a Level II emergency response according to the requirements of Emergency Plan for African Swine Fever. The local government carried out an emergency response mechanism and adopted measures including blockade, culling, harmless treatment, disinfection, etc., prohibiting all pigs and susceptible animals and products from being transported into or out of the blockade area. Shenyang has suspended the pig transportation out of the city. At present, the epidemic has been effectively controlled.
MARA pointed out that ASF is not a zoonotic disease which means it does not infect people. At the same time, MARA warned pig producers to stop pig transportation from infected areas, pay attention to daily disinfection, keep pigs in closed zones and take isolative protection measures. Meanwhile, pigs should be kept away from wild boars and ornithodoros papillipes and pig farmers are prohibited from feeding pig with swill and food wastes without high-temperature treatment. In case of an abnormal increase in unexplained death with ASF symptoms, farmers should report to the local veterinary department in a timely manner.