Efforts were made to develop grain family farms, and to support the development of family farms in diversified forms of plantation-breeding, machinery-agricultural and grain-cash crops. In 2016, there were 3990 family farms in total engaged in grain production in Shanghai, 435 more than that of the previous year. The family farms had paddy-rice planting area of 34,800 hectares, 13.7% more than that of the previous year, and accounting for 44.6% of the actual paddy rice planting area in Shanghai; and there were 159 family farms engaged in cash crops, 57 engaged in aquaculture, and 37 of other types. In 2016, there were 3202 cooperatives with fair operation scale, including 213 cooperatives each with sales amount over 10 million yuan. Shanghai has authenticated 470 demonstration cooperatives at and above district level, including 178 at the municipal level and 78 at the national level. Support was given to the leading enterprises in agricultural industrialization for their development. In Shanghai, there are 383 leading agricultural enterprises, realizing sales income of 135 billion yuan in the whole year, with total profit of 2.333 billion yuan. The key leading agricultural enterprises in Shanghai are supported to grow big and strong. There are 180 key leading enterprises at the district level and 96 at the municipal level as appraised, and 20 national level key leading enterprises were successfully recommended.